Make your CMSMS website Mobile ready

With all those new Mobile Devices that are capable to display and handle any kind of data, it is only reasonable to provide your Online content to as much devices as possible and not only Computer.

In this post you will see how easy it is to setup a mobile version of your Website without any Modules or Online Services that are being offered around. 

cmsms-website-mobile-ready.jpg

The first thing we need to do is creating new UDT (User Defined Tag) that takes care of mobile detection.

To do this go to "Extensions -> User Defined Tag" and create new tag called for example "mobile"

if (!function_exists('mobile_device_detect')) {
    function mobile_device_detect($iphone = true, $android = true, $opera = true, $blackberry = true, $palm = true, $windows = true, $mobileredirect = false, $ipad = false, $desktopredirect = false)
    {
        $mobile_browser = false;
        $user_agent     = $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'];
        $accept         = $_SERVER['HTTP_ACCEPT'];
        switch (true) {
            case (preg_match('/ipod/', $user_agent) || preg_match('/iphone/', $user_agent));
                $mobile_browser = $iphone;
                if (substr($iphone, 0, 4) == 'http') {
                    $mobileredirect = $iphone;
                }
                break;
            case (preg_match('/android/', $user_agent));
                $mobile_browser = $android;
                if (substr($android, 0, 4) == 'http') {
                    $mobileredirect = $android;
                }
                break;
            case (preg_match('/ipad/', $user_agent));
                $mobile_browser = $ipad;
                if (substr($ipad, 0, 4) == 'http') {
                    $mobileredirect = $ipad;
                }
                break;
            case (preg_match('/opera mini/', $user_agent));
                $mobile_browser = $opera;
                if (substr($opera, 0, 4) == 'http') {
                    $mobileredirect = $opera;
                }
                break;
            case (preg_match('/blackberry/', $user_agent));
                $mobile_browser = $blackberry;
                if (substr($blackberry, 0, 4) == 'http') {
                    $mobileredirect = $blackberry;
                }
                break;
            case (preg_match('/(palm os|palm|hiptop|avantgo|plucker|xiino|blazer|elaine)/i', $user_agent));
                $mobile_browser = $palm;
                if (substr($palm, 0, 4) == 'http') {
                    $mobileredirect = $palm;
                }
                break;
            case (preg_match('/(windows ce; ppc;|windows ce; smartphone;|windows ce; iemobile)/i', $user_agent));
                $mobile_browser = $windows;
                if (substr($windows, 0, 4) == 'http') {
                    $mobileredirect = $windows;
                }
                break;
            case (preg_match('/(up.browser|up.link|mmp|symbian|smartphone|midp|wap|vodafone|o2|pocket|kindle|mobile|pda|psp|treo)/i', $user_agent));
                $mobile_browser = true;
                break;
            case ((strpos($accept, 'text/vnd.wap.wml') > 0) || (strpos($accept, 'application/vnd.wap.xhtml+xml') > 0));
                $mobile_browser = true;
                break;
            case (isset($_SERVER['HTTP_X_WAP_PROFILE']) || isset($_SERVER['HTTP_PROFILE']));
                $mobile_browser = true;
                break;
            case (in_array(strtolower(substr($user_agent, 0, 4)), array(
                    '1207' => '1207',
                    '3gso' => '3gso',
                    '4thp' => '4thp',
                    '501i' => '501i',
                    '502i' => '502i',
                    '503i' => '503i',
                    '504i' => '504i',
                    '505i' => '505i',
                    '506i' => '506i',
                    '6310' => '6310',
                    '6590' => '6590',
                    '770s' => '770s',
                    '802s' => '802s',
                    'a wa' => 'a wa',
                    'acer' => 'acer',
                    'acs-' => 'acs-',
                    'airn' => 'airn',
                    'alav' => 'alav',
                    'asus' => 'asus',
                    'attw' => 'attw',
                    'au-m' => 'au-m',
                    'aur ' => 'aur ',
                    'aus ' => 'aus ',
                    'abac' => 'abac',
                    'acoo' => 'acoo',
                    'aiko' => 'aiko',
                    'alco' => 'alco',
                    'alca' => 'alca',
                    'amoi' => 'amoi',
                    'anex' => 'anex',
                    'anny' => 'anny',
                    'anyw' => 'anyw',
                    'aptu' => 'aptu',
                    'arch' => 'arch',
                    'argo' => 'argo',
                    'bell' => 'bell',
                    'bird' => 'bird',
                    'bw-n' => 'bw-n',
                    'bw-u' => 'bw-u',
                    'beck' => 'beck',
                    'benq' => 'benq',
                    'bilb' => 'bilb',
                    'blac' => 'blac',
                    'c55/' => 'c55/',
                    'cdm-' => 'cdm-',
                    'chtm' => 'chtm',
                    'capi' => 'capi',
                    'comp' => 'comp',
                    'cond' => 'cond',
                    'craw' => 'craw',
                    'dall' => 'dall',
                    'dbte' => 'dbte',
                    'dc-s' => 'dc-s',
                    'dica' => 'dica',
                    'ds-d' => 'ds-d',
                    'ds12' => 'ds12',
                    'dait' => 'dait',
                    'devi' => 'devi',
                    'dmob' => 'dmob',
                    'doco' => 'doco',
                    'dopo' => 'dopo',
                    'el49' => 'el49',
                    'erk0' => 'erk0',
                    'esl8' => 'esl8',
                    'ez40' => 'ez40',
                    'ez60' => 'ez60',
                    'ez70' => 'ez70',
                    'ezos' => 'ezos',
                    'ezze' => 'ezze',
                    'elai' => 'elai',
                    'emul' => 'emul',
                    'eric' => 'eric',
                    'ezwa' => 'ezwa',
                    'fake' => 'fake',
                    'fly-' => 'fly-',
                    'fly_' => 'fly_',
                    'g-mo' => 'g-mo',
                    'g1 u' => 'g1 u',
                    'g560' => 'g560',
                    'gf-5' => 'gf-5',
                    'grun' => 'grun',
                    'gene' => 'gene',
                    'go.w' => 'go.w',
                    'good' => 'good',
                    'grad' => 'grad',
                    'hcit' => 'hcit',
                    'hd-m' => 'hd-m',
                    'hd-p' => 'hd-p',
                    'hd-t' => 'hd-t',
                    'hei-' => 'hei-',
                    'hp i' => 'hp i',
                    'hpip' => 'hpip',
                    'hs-c' => 'hs-c',
                    'htc ' => 'htc ',
                    'htc-' => 'htc-',
                    'htca' => 'htca',
                    'htcg' => 'htcg',
                    'htcp' => 'htcp',
                    'htcs' => 'htcs',
                    'htct' => 'htct',
                    'htc_' => 'htc_',
                    'haie' => 'haie',
                    'hita' => 'hita',
                    'huaw' => 'huaw',
                    'hutc' => 'hutc',
                    'i-20' => 'i-20',
                    'i-go' => 'i-go',
                    'i-ma' => 'i-ma',
                    'i230' => 'i230',
                    'iac' => 'iac',
                    'iac-' => 'iac-',
                    'iac/' => 'iac/',
                    'ig01' => 'ig01',
                    'im1k' => 'im1k',
                    'inno' => 'inno',
                    'iris' => 'iris',
                    'jata' => 'jata',
                    'java' => 'java',
                    'kddi' => 'kddi',
                    'kgt' => 'kgt',
                    'kgt/' => 'kgt/',
                    'kpt ' => 'kpt ',
                    'kwc-' => 'kwc-',
                    'klon' => 'klon',
                    'lexi' => 'lexi',
                    'lg g' => 'lg g',
                    'lg-a' => 'lg-a',
                    'lg-b' => 'lg-b',
                    'lg-c' => 'lg-c',
                    'lg-d' => 'lg-d',
                    'lg-f' => 'lg-f',
                    'lg-g' => 'lg-g',
                    'lg-k' => 'lg-k',
                    'lg-l' => 'lg-l',
                    'lg-m' => 'lg-m',
                    'lg-o' => 'lg-o',
                    'lg-p' => 'lg-p',
                    'lg-s' => 'lg-s',
                    'lg-t' => 'lg-t',
                    'lg-u' => 'lg-u',
                    'lg-w' => 'lg-w',
                    'lg/k' => 'lg/k',
                    'lg/l' => 'lg/l',
                    'lg/u' => 'lg/u',
                    'lg50' => 'lg50',
                    'lg54' => 'lg54',
                    'lge-' => 'lge-',
                    'lge/' => 'lge/',
                    'lynx' => 'lynx',
                    'leno' => 'leno',
                    'm1-w' => 'm1-w',
                    'm3ga' => 'm3ga',
                    'm50/' => 'm50/',
                    'maui' => 'maui',
                    'mc01' => 'mc01',
                    'mc21' => 'mc21',
                    'mcca' => 'mcca',
                    'medi' => 'medi',
                    'meri' => 'meri',
                    'mio8' => 'mio8',
                    'mioa' => 'mioa',
                    'mo01' => 'mo01',
                    'mo02' => 'mo02',
                    'mode' => 'mode',
                    'modo' => 'modo',
                    'mot ' => 'mot ',
                    'mot-' => 'mot-',
                    'mt50' => 'mt50',
                    'mtp1' => 'mtp1',
                    'mtv ' => 'mtv ',
                    'mate' => 'mate',
                    'maxo' => 'maxo',
                    'merc' => 'merc',
                    'mits' => 'mits',
                    'mobi' => 'mobi',
                    'motv' => 'motv',
                    'mozz' => 'mozz',
                    'n100' => 'n100',
                    'n101' => 'n101',
                    'n102' => 'n102',
                    'n202' => 'n202',
                    'n203' => 'n203',
                    'n300' => 'n300',
                    'n302' => 'n302',
                    'n500' => 'n500',
                    'n502' => 'n502',
                    'n505' => 'n505',
                    'n700' => 'n700',
                    'n701' => 'n701',
                    'n710' => 'n710',
                    'nec-' => 'nec-',
                    'nem-' => 'nem-',
                    'newg' => 'newg',
                    'neon' => 'neon',
                    'netf' => 'netf',
                    'noki' => 'noki',
                    'nzph' => 'nzph',
                    'o2 x' => 'o2 x',
                    'o2-x' => 'o2-x',
                    'opwv' => 'opwv',
                    'owg1' => 'owg1',
                    'opti' => 'opti',
                    'oran' => 'oran',
                    'p800' => 'p800',
                    'pand' => 'pand',
                    'pg-1' => 'pg-1',
                    'pg-2' => 'pg-2',
                    'pg-3' => 'pg-3',
                    'pg-6' => 'pg-6',
                    'pg-8' => 'pg-8',
                    'pg-c' => 'pg-c',
                    'pg13' => 'pg13',
                    'phil' => 'phil',
                    'pn-2' => 'pn-2',
                    'pt-g' => 'pt-g',
                    'palm' => 'palm',
                    'pana' => 'pana',
                    'pire' => 'pire',
                    'pock' => 'pock',
                    'pose' => 'pose',
                    'psio' => 'psio',
                    'qa-a' => 'qa-a',
                    'qc-2' => 'qc-2',
                    'qc-3' => 'qc-3',
                    'qc-5' => 'qc-5',
                    'qc-7' => 'qc-7',
                    'qc07' => 'qc07',
                    'qc12' => 'qc12',
                    'qc21' => 'qc21',
                    'qc32' => 'qc32',
                    'qc60' => 'qc60',
                    'qci-' => 'qci-',
                    'qwap' => 'qwap',
                    'qtek' => 'qtek',
                    'r380' => 'r380',
                    'r600' => 'r600',
                    'raks' => 'raks',
                    'rim9' => 'rim9',
                    'rove' => 'rove',
                    's55/' => 's55/',
                    'sage' => 'sage',
                    'sams' => 'sams',
                    'sc01' => 'sc01',
                    'sch-' => 'sch-',
                    'scp-' => 'scp-',
                    'sdk/' => 'sdk/',
                    'se47' => 'se47',
                    'sec-' => 'sec-',
                    'sec0' => 'sec0',
                    'sec1' => 'sec1',
                    'semc' => 'semc',
                    'sgh-' => 'sgh-',
                    'shar' => 'shar',
                    'sie-' => 'sie-',
                    'sk-0' => 'sk-0',
                    'sl45' => 'sl45',
                    'slid' => 'slid',
                    'smb3' => 'smb3',
                    'smt5' => 'smt5',
                    'sp01' => 'sp01',
                    'sph-' => 'sph-',
                    'spv ' => 'spv ',
                    'spv-' => 'spv-',
                    'sy01' => 'sy01',
                    'samm' => 'samm',
                    'sany' => 'sany',
                    'sava' => 'sava',
                    'scoo' => 'scoo',
                    'send' => 'send',
                    'siem' => 'siem',
                    'smar' => 'smar',
                    'smit' => 'smit',
                    'soft' => 'soft',
                    'sony' => 'sony',
                    't-mo' => 't-mo',
                    't218' => 't218',
                    't250' => 't250',
                    't600' => 't600',
                    't610' => 't610',
                    't618' => 't618',
                    'tcl-' => 'tcl-',
                    'tdg-' => 'tdg-',
                    'telm' => 'telm',
                    'tim-' => 'tim-',
                    'ts70' => 'ts70',
                    'tsm-' => 'tsm-',
                    'tsm3' => 'tsm3',
                    'tsm5' => 'tsm5',
                    'tx-9' => 'tx-9',
                    'tagt' => 'tagt',
                    'talk' => 'talk',
                    'teli' => 'teli',
                    'topl' => 'topl',
                    'tosh' => 'tosh',
                    'up.b' => 'up.b',
                    'upg1' => 'upg1',
                    'utst' => 'utst',
                    'v400' => 'v400',
                    'v750' => 'v750',
                    'veri' => 'veri',
                    'vk-v' => 'vk-v',
                    'vk40' => 'vk40',
                    'vk50' => 'vk50',
                    'vk52' => 'vk52',
                    'vk53' => 'vk53',
                    'vm40' => 'vm40',
                    'vx98' => 'vx98',
                    'virg' => 'virg',
                    'vite' => 'vite',
                    'voda' => 'voda',
                    'vulc' => 'vulc',
                    'w3c ' => 'w3c ',
                    'w3c-' => 'w3c-',
                    'wapj' => 'wapj',
                    'wapp' => 'wapp',
                    'wapu' => 'wapu',
                    'wapm' => 'wapm',
                    'wig ' => 'wig ',
                    'wapi' => 'wapi',
                    'wapr' => 'wapr',
                    'wapv' => 'wapv',
                    'wapy' => 'wapy',
                    'wapa' => 'wapa',
                    'waps' => 'waps',
                    'wapt' => 'wapt',
                    'winc' => 'winc',
                    'winw' => 'winw',
                    'wonu' => 'wonu',
                    'x700' => 'x700',
                    'xda2' => 'xda2',
                    'xdag' => 'xdag',
                    'yas-' => 'yas-',
                    'your' => 'your',
                    'zte-' => 'zte-',
                    'zeto' => 'zeto',
                    'acs-' => 'acs-',
                    'alav' => 'alav',
                    'alca' => 'alca',
                    'amoi' => 'amoi',
                    'aste' => 'aste',
                    'audi' => 'audi',
                    'avan' => 'avan',
                    'benq' => 'benq',
                    'bird' => 'bird',
                    'blac' => 'blac',
                    'blaz' => 'blaz',
                    'brew' => 'brew',
                    'brvw' => 'brvw',
                    'bumb' => 'bumb',
                    'ccwa' => 'ccwa',
                    'cell' => 'cell',
                    'cldc' => 'cldc',
                    'cmd-' => 'cmd-',
                    'dang' => 'dang',
                    'doco' => 'doco',
                    'eml2' => 'eml2',
                    'eric' => 'eric',
                    'fetc' => 'fetc',
                    'hipt' => 'hipt',
                    'http' => 'http',
                    'ibro' => 'ibro',
                    'idea' => 'idea',
                    'ikom' => 'ikom',
                    'inno' => 'inno',
                    'ipaq' => 'ipaq',
                    'jbro' => 'jbro',
                    'jemu' => 'jemu',
                    'java' => 'java',
                    'jigs' => 'jigs',
                    'kddi' => 'kddi',
                    'keji' => 'keji',
                    'kyoc' => 'kyoc',
                    'kyok' => 'kyok',
                    'leno' => 'leno',
                    'lg-c' => 'lg-c',
                    'lg-d' => 'lg-d',
                    'lg-g' => 'lg-g',
                    'lge-' => 'lge-',
                    'libw' => 'libw',
                    'm-cr' => 'm-cr',
                    'maui' => 'maui',
                    'maxo' => 'maxo',
                    'midp' => 'midp',
                    'mits' => 'mits',
                    'mmef' => 'mmef',
                    'mobi' => 'mobi',
                    'mot-' => 'mot-',
                    'moto' => 'moto',
                    'mwbp' => 'mwbp',
                    'mywa' => 'mywa',
                    'nec-' => 'nec-',
                    'newt' => 'newt',
                    'nok6' => 'nok6',
                    'noki' => 'noki',
                    'o2im' => 'o2im',
                    'opwv' => 'opwv',
                    'palm' => 'palm',
                    'pana' => 'pana',
                    'pant' => 'pant',
                    'pdxg' => 'pdxg',
                    'phil' => 'phil',
                    'play' => 'play',
                    'pluc' => 'pluc',
                    'port' => 'port',
                    'prox' => 'prox',
                    'qtek' => 'qtek',
                    'qwap' => 'qwap',
                    'rozo' => 'rozo',
                    'sage' => 'sage',
                    'sama' => 'sama',
                    'sams' => 'sams',
                    'sany' => 'sany',
                    'sch-' => 'sch-',
                    'sec-' => 'sec-',
                    'send' => 'send',
                    'seri' => 'seri',
                    'sgh-' => 'sgh-',
                    'shar' => 'shar',
                    'sie-' => 'sie-',
                    'siem' => 'siem',
                    'smal' => 'smal',
                    'smar' => 'smar',
                    'sony' => 'sony',
                    'sph-' => 'sph-',
                    'symb' => 'symb',
                    't-mo' => 't-mo',
                    'teli' => 'teli',
                    'tim-' => 'tim-',
                    'tosh' => 'tosh',
                    'treo' => 'treo',
                    'tsm-' => 'tsm-',
                    'upg1' => 'upg1',
                    'upsi' => 'upsi',
                    'vk-v' => 'vk-v',
                    'voda' => 'voda',
                    'vx52' => 'vx52',
                    'vx53' => 'vx53',
                    'vx60' => 'vx60',
                    'vx61' => 'vx61',
                    'vx70' => 'vx70',
                    'vx80' => 'vx80',
                    'vx81' => 'vx81',
                    'vx83' => 'vx83',
                    'vx85' => 'vx85',
                    'wap-' => 'wap-',
                    'wapa' => 'wapa',
                    'wapi' => 'wapi',
                    'wapp' => 'wapp',
                    'wapr' => 'wapr',
                    'webc' => 'webc',
                    'whit' => 'whit',
                    'winw' => 'winw',
                    'wmlb' => 'wmlb',
                    'xda-' => 'xda-'
                )));
                // check against a list of trimmed user agents to see if we find a match      
                $mobile_browser = true;
                break;
        }
        header('Cache-Control: no-transform');
        header('Vary: User-Agent, Accept');
        if ($redirect = ($mobile_browser == true) ? $mobileredirect : $desktopredirect) {
            header('Location: ' . $redirect);
            exit;
        } else {
            return $mobile_browser;
        }
    }
}
 
$smarty->assign('mobile_detect', false);
if ((mobile_device_detect(true, true, true, true, true, true, false, false)) == true) {
    $smarty->assign('mobile_detect', true);
}
$smarty->assign('mobile_none', false);
if ((mobile_device_detect(true, true, true, true, true, true, false, false)) == false) {
    $smarty->assign('mobile_none', true);
}
return '';

I have excluded iPad here since it has bigger screen and if your Websites speed is optmizied enough there is no reason to server mobile version for an iPad.

Now when we have our UDT setup we can move to Templates and add this function.
Your Template could look like this. 

{strip}
{process_pagedata}
{content assign='main_content'}

{/strip}<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" >
    <head>
        <title>{sitename} - {title}</title>
        {metadata}
        {cms_stylesheet}
    </head>
    <body>
        <!-- start header -->
        <div id="header">  
            <h1>{sitename}</h1>
        </div>
        <!-- end header -->
        <!-- start menu -->
        <div id="menu">
            {menu}
        </div>
        <!-- end menu -->
        <!-- start content -->
        <div id="content">
            <h1>{title}</h1>
            {$main_content}
        </div>
        <!-- end content -->
    </body>
</html>

First we have to call our {mobile} tag and capture the $mobile_detect function, so we are able to use it in multiple sections of our template.
We also have to create new stylesheet that is not linked to any of the templates, name for example "mobile". 

{strip}

{process_pagedata}
{content assign='main_content'}
{mobile}


{/strip}<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" >
    <head>
        <title>{sitename} - {title}</title>
        {metadata}
        {if $mobile_detect == true}
            {cms_stylesheet name='mobile'}
            <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="path to your mobile icon for iphone" />
            <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width; initial-scale=1.0; maximum-scale=1.0;" />
        {else}
            {cms_stylesheet}
        {/if}
        <!-- //Our meta data and so on... -->
    </head>
    <body>
        <!-- start header -->
        <div id="header">
            <h1>{sitename}</h1>
        </div>
        <!-- end header -->
        <!-- start menu -->
        <div id="menu">
            {menu}
        </div>
        <!-- end menu -->
        <!-- start content -->
        <div id="content">
            <h1>{title}</h1>
            {$main_content}
        </div>
        <!-- end content -->
    </body>
</html>

Now if our Website is veiwed on a mobile device only Stylesheet named "mobile" would be loaded and we can style this as needed.
We can go a step further and create a markup only for mobile devices, to speed up our site and load only important content that we want to show to our mobile visitors. 

{strip}
 
{process_pagedata}
{content assign='main_content'} 
{mobile}

 
{/strip}<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" >
    <head>
        <title>{sitename} - {title}</title>
        {metadata}
        {if $mobile_detect == true}
            {cms_stylesheet name='mobile'}
            <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="path to your mobile icon for iphone" />
            <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width; initial-scale=1.0; maximum-scale=1.0;" />
        {else}
            {cms_stylesheet}
        <!-- //our meta data... -->
        {/if}
    </head>
    <body>
    {if $mobile_detect == true}
        <div id="header">
            {sitename}
        </div>
        <div id="menu">
            {menu template='mobiletemplate'}
        </div>
        <div id="content">
            {$main_content}
        </div>

    {else}
        <!-- start header -->
            <div id="header">
                <h1>{sitename}</h1>
            </div>
            <!-- end header -->
            <!-- start menu -->
            <div id="menu">
                {menu}
            </div>
            <!-- end menu -->
            <!-- start content -->
            <div id="content">
                <h1>{title}</h1>
                {$main_content}
            </div>
            <!-- end content -->
    {/if}
    </body>
</html>

Optional we could even replace the {content} tag with a content block, where only content for mobile devices would be provided and separated, but please take note, that Modules do need {content} tag unless if you are using inline parameter for module detail view if such parameter is provided by module.

{content block='Mobile' label='Only Mobile Content'}

This way we have a second WYSIWYG area in our backend that is used only for mobile devices.

I hope this post was helpful for you

a2 Hosting

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